Top 10 Agile Project Management Interview Questions

Interview prep

A curated list of commonly asked Agile Project Management questions that you can expect in your interviews.

What Are The Best Agile Metrics?

What is the difference between Waterfall and Agile Methodology?

Whenever you get interview questions on agile methodology, this one is bound to come up. Waterfall is a more traditional process of project management where the solution is first planned out with detailed requirements defined for the entire solution (or at least a large majority of it) before the actual work of developing the solution is started.

The steps of the *waterfall process happen in a sequence* and once a step is completed it can’t be done again without breaking the process. In Waterfall, the users generally don’t get a working product or any significant benefit from the product until the project or a major phase of the project is completed.

Agile is a more modern approach that focuses on developing complex solutions that have changing requirements; it leverages *incremental* delivery with each increment producing a usable product or functionality. Agile also leverages *just-in-time documentation* which focuses on limiting the wasted effort of documenting requirements for features that may change.

The major difference between the two methodologies is the amount of documentation that is done upfront before the actual work of development is started. In Waterfall, the up-front documentation is significant and attempts to be as complete as possible for the entire solution. Agile focuses on only documenting the initial part of that solution that will be worked on.

What are the advantages of Agile Methodologies over Waterfall Methodologies?

Agile project management interview questions will often come in the form of an advantage/disadvantage tradeoff. For example, “Agile methods mostly focus on which of the following options and what are their advantages and disadvantages as opposed to Waterfall Methods?”

The main thing you want to focus on in this question is the *adaptability to change* and *improved ability to deal with uncertainty* of the Agile methods.

If the full set of requirements for a project can’t be determined at the beginning of a project or if the solution may have to quickly be adjusted based on the actions of competitors. The incremental structure of the Agile methods provides a much more flexible format which allows opportunities to pivot while still providing useful features throughout the project’s development.

What are the different agile methodologies?

A common question in agile-related interviews, its purpose is usually to test your basic knowledge of agile methodologies. You can mention a few that you know and explain one or two.

What are the four agile values?

What are the characteristics of effective user stories?

What are the principles of Agile Testing?

  1. Testing is continuous and sustainable to ensure there is continuous progress of the product.
  2. Continuous feedback is essential and is provided on how a given product is meeting the business needs and customer satisfaction.
  3. Testing is performed by a self-organized team, unlike in a traditional software development life cycle where only the test team is responsible for testing.
  4. Face to face communication with the business team involved in each iteration in Agile testing for continuous feedback and successive improvement.
  5. Simplified & clean code by ensuring all the defects which are raised by the Agile team are fixed within the same iteration.
  6. Test Driven Agile methods, testing is performed at the time of implementation unlike after implementation as in the case of the traditional process.

Can Scrum be applied to all types of projects?

The expectation of the interviewer is that you should have a clear understanding of Waterfall and Agile. The obvious answer is “NO”. Both approaches have their own strengths and weakness, so it all depends on the type of project and its environment. Both have effective planning, execution and controlling.

SCRUM is generally used when the scope is not clearly defined and the requirements change frequently. These projects are generally quite complex but have the advantage of having customer feedback as the product is being used.

Waterfall is generally opposite of Scrum and everything is clearly defined and the scope does not change. The product is not generally shipped unless the development is complete.

What is SAFe? In what scenarios should it be used?

SAFe (Scaled Agile framework) helps businesses address the significant challenges of developing and delivering enterprise-class software and systems in the shortest sustainable lead time.

When to use SAFe:

  1. When we want to implement an agile approach consistently across larger, multi-team program and portfolios.
  2. Project having 5-10 Scrum teams distributed across various geographical locations.
  3. When a team wants to work independently.
  4. When an organization wants to improve its product development lead time.
  5. When you want to implement Agile across an organization and you are not sure of various roles and responsibilities and how they align and coordinate with each other.
  6. When multiple teams are running Agile, but regularly facing delays, no collaboration, and failures.
  7. Decentralized decision making.

What are the various planning stages in Agile?

Top 10 Agile Project Management Interview Questions

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